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Articles on Rune Stones

Ansuz
Ansuz, the "A" rune, is the fourth rune in the first aett of the Elder Futhark. The Proto-Germanic word "Ansuz" means a "God", that is, the Gods and Goddesses of the Aesir and Vanir. This rune is particularly connected to Odin....
Berkano
Berkano, the second rune in the third aett, is the rune for the sound of the letter “B.” In the Younger Futhark, it sometimes stood for the sound of “P” as well, since Perthro did not carry over into that Futhark. Its meaning is “birch tree.” The beautiful,...
Dagaz
Dagaz, depending on one’s perspective, is either the last or next to last rune in the Elder Futhark. Ancient inscriptions vary in whether Dagaz or Othala comes last. Modern runesters pretty much agree that either order works. Other than the twenty-third and...
Ehwaz
The third rune of the third aett bears the reconstructed Common Germanic name Ehwaz. Later, its name became Aihws in Gothic (note how archaic Gothic is), and still later, Eh in Anglo-Saxon. If you remember that “k” in Indo-European changed to “h” in Germanic,...
Eihwaz
It's been less than two weeks since I wrote the article for Jera; so it looks like I'm back on track. This Rune is both fascinating and multifaceted! Both the Sheils and Edred Thorsson identify Eihwaz with Yggdrasil, the Norse World Tree or Cosmic Axis. The...
Elhaz
Elhaz is the seventh Rune of the second aett (group of eight). Its name means "elk," in the European sense of the word. The European elk is essentially the same animal as the North American "moose." The North American elk (wapiti) is a...
Fehu
Fehu is the first rune of the 24-rune Elder Futhark, and the first rune of the first aett. Fehu is the reconstructed Old Germanic name of this rune, which as its initial sound suggests, has the phonetic value of "F." It is known as Fe in Old Norse,...
Gebo
Today we'll consider Gebo, the seventh rune in the first aett. We're now almost a third of the way through the futhark! An alternative Common Germanic name for this rune is Gybu. Derivations of both names show up in later Germanic languages, such as Gothic (Gi...
Hagalaz
I can't believe I'm now starting on the Second Aett of the Elder Futhark. Time is indeed flying by! Looks like this is a highly auspicious, or at least a very fitting time for me to write this article! While Hagalaz literally means "hail" as in ice...
Ingwaz
Welcome to the Rune-of-the-Month Club! Ingwaz is the sixth rune of the third aett, and the twenty-second rune of the Elder Futhark as a whole. Its sound is that of the English “ng.” Like Thurisaz, it represents a sound written by two letters in the Roman...
Isa
Last year I wrote the Hagalaz article while snowed in. Later in the year I somehow managed to get the Nauthiz article written. (Library School is going well, got 3 A's and a B, should be finished by the end of 99, and in the spirit of Wunjo, a moderate "h...
Jera
Welcome again to my "Rune-of-the-Month" Club! At the rate I've been going, it's been more like the "Rune-of-the-Year" Club, but I'll try to speed up the pace. This article puts the series over the halfway mark. This is the twelfth of the...
Kenaz/Kaunaz
This month's rune, Kenaz, is the sixth rune of the first aett of the Elder Futhark. Thus, we are now one-quarter of the way through our journey into the runes! The phonetic value of Kenaz is the hard "k" sound. One basic meaning of "Kenaz"...
Laguz/Laukaz
This rune, the fifth rune of the third aett and twenty-first of the Elder Futhark, has two names. Kenaz/Kaunaz is the other rune with two names. Laguz is the best-known name of today’s rune. It means “lake.” Laukaz is the alternative name and means “leek,” a...
Mannaz
Mannaz is the fourth rune of the third aett. Its name is the reconstructed Common germanic for “man” in the sense of “human being.” Although it follows closely after Berkano, a very female rune, Ingwaz is Berkano’s polar opposite in terms of matters of gender....
Nauthiz
Welcome again to the Rune-of-the-Month Club. Actually, it seems like it's become more like the Rune-of-the-Season Club, since the last time I sat down to write one of these, I was snowed it; and now, daytime highs are well into the 80's! I'll try to write a...
Othala
But on to Othala, which in the eastern areas of the proto-Germanic-speaking area was evidently pronounced Othila. This is the “O” rune. It did not carry over into the Younger Futhark, so Ur(uz) did double-duty. Nevertheless, the Scandinavian languages still...
Perthro
Welcome to the Perthro column of Rune-of-the-Month Club. Perthro is the Rune for the sound represented by the Roman letter “P.” This is the sixth Rune of the second Aett, hence the fourteenth Rune, so we are moving right along! Perthro is the reconstructed...
Raidho
Raidho, the "r-rune", is the fifth rune of the first aett of the Elder Futhark. The Old English Rune Poem, Old Norse Rune Rhyme and Old Icelandic Rune Poem all refer to horses in their verses on Raidho. Horses are how people got around back then,...
Sowilo
Sowilo is reconstructed Common Germanic the Rune for the sound represented by the Roman letter "S." It was known as Sol or Sig in Old Norse, Sigel in Anglo-Saxon, and Sauil or Saugil in Gothic. Notice how close Gothic is, relatively speaking, to the...
Suggested "Field Trips" for Runic Study
I began this article after discussing with my colleagues just what the Runes mean and how one goes about studying them. I also remembered that my Rune teacher, Thorr Sheil, told me that he and HIS teacher went to a dairy farm while they were studying the Rune...
Thurisaz
Thurisaz is the third rune of the first aett (group of eight) of the Elder Futhark, and has the phonetic value of "TH." Thurisaz is reconstructed Common Germanic for a creature later called Thurs or Jotun. These are the Giants of Norse Mythology....
Tiwaz
Welcome to Tyr’s Aett, the third and final aett (group of eight) of the Elder Futhark. Tiwaz is the name of this aett’s first rune in reconstructed Common Germanic. Its name became first Teiws in Gothic, then later Tiw or Tiu in Anglo-Saxon and Tyr in Old...
Uruz
Welcome to the third installment of the Rune-of-the-Month-Club. This month's rune is Uruz, the second rune of the Elder Futhark, and has the sound(s) of the letter "U", a nice long U sound, as in "food." If Fehu, the first rune, is a tame...
Wunjo
Our rune for this month is known in reconstructed Common Germanic as *Wunjo, and is used for the sound represented by the English letter W. After the Anglo-Saxons began to write with a modified form of Roman Script (the letters being used to write this...

Rune Stones is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

The Kensington Rune Stone: A Study Guide
The Kensington Rune Stone: A Study Guide. John D. Bengtson.
Peters Bruveris Shadows on Rune Stones Translation by Inara
un tajā, kuŗa atkārtojas spoguļos vai pateiktajos vārdos, ar atspīdumiem tik vai šitik samelojot - -. Valkā, 2005. Shadows on Rune Stones.
Kensington Rune Stone Decoded:
fact known as the Kensington Rune Stone [see TBR, March/. April 2002—Ed.].
The rune-stone Ög 31 and an “elegiac” trope in Sonatorrek
The two interpretations of the poetic coda on the rune-stone Östergöt- the churchyard with two other rune-stones (Ög 32–33) when the new church was built.
Runestones Diarmaid O'Dhuinn As you have noticed, the Chronicler
Runestones. Diarmaid O'Dhuinn. As you have noticed, the Chronicler is usually hard up for articles, and so I decided to help out a little.

Suggested News Resources

Dungeons & Dragons Online Update 11 Announced!
Home of the Artificers, House Cannith is a new high level quest hub where magic and mechanics converge. Born in war, forged in fury, Stormreach faces its most terrible foe yet. Craft all the way to level 150.
Dungeons & Dragons Online Update 11 Screenshots
New Content Born in war, forged in fury, Stormreach faces its most terrible foe yet. New Crafting Levels Craft all the way to level 150. Plus, craft Draconic Runestones, a new magical weapon available to all classes.
iPhone App Video Review: Emissary of War
Strewn across every map are some rune stones, usually guarded by more enemies. Money is used to buy new weapons and potions while rune stones are used to upgrade your stats.
Diablo III to have online auction house
By Jonathan Leo Toyad, GameSpot Asia Players able to buy weapons, armor, and runestones with real-world money; game also requires constant online connection and feature banner system.
Hammerfest IV Announces Anthrax And 4 Other Acts
Since the discovery of the multiple rune stones on the Northern shores of Norway, it has always been hard to believe the true meaning of that ancient runic inscription that marks out very clearly the birth of Hammerfest.

Suggested Web Resources

Runestone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Another interesting class of runestone is rune-stone-as-self promotion.
RUNE STONES and RUNE STONE READINGS ON LINE
May 5, 2011 On line one- and three-Viking rune stone readings.
Runes
Runes and their meanings. Rune Stones: are used as a system of divination, decision making and communication.
North American Rune Stones
Rune stones are found in North America as well as Europe and Island.
Rune Stones & Rune Kits
Rune Stones & Rune Kits - Runes are the ancient alphabet of the Norse. They are one of the ways Wiccans practice the art of divination.

Great care has been taken to prepare the information on this page. Elements of the content come from factual and lexical knowledge databases, realmagick.com library and third-party sources. We appreciate your suggestions and comments on further improvements of the site.

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