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Abeona and Adeona
Two Goddesses very closely linked; Abeona guides a child while leaving a room or condition, and Adeona performs the same office for children entering or beginning....
Abundantia
Goddess of plenty and wealth....
Aequitas
Goddess of honesty and fairness in contracts and negotiations....
Alemona
The Goddess who protects the health and safety of the unborn....
Arecurius
(one who stands before the assembly, lawgiver?). British. A Tutelary God of northern Britannia during the Roman occupation....
Ataecina
Iberian An underworld Goddess often conflated by Romans as Proserpina....
Aurora
Goddess of the dawn, and Divine Herald of the day, and by extension, new beginnings of any sort. Similar in many respects to the Hellenic Eos....
Bacax
North African An obscure Deity, evidently cthonic, associated with caverns....
Bacchus
God of wine, intoxication, and ecstatic celebration. Similar in most important respects to Dionysios....
Belatucadros
Belatucadros (shining one, bright). British. Apparently an early version of Bran the Blessed, and clearly cognate with Beli. He was honoured by common soldiers in the north of Britain during the Roman occupation....
Bellona
A Goddess of war, attended to by violent and frenzied...
Candamius
Iberian. An astral Deity often conflated with Jupiter; his cult was strongest in northern Iberia....
Candelifera and Carmentia
Two closely associated Goddesses, Candelifera guides an unborn infant to Lucina and the experience of the childs first sight, while Carmentia is an oracular Goddess who pronounces a newborn's destiny based on what, in fact is the first thing they lay eyes...
Cariociecus
Iberian. A war God, often conflated with Mars....
Castor & Pollux
Twin Deities associated with the sea, the Roman eqivalents of the Hellenic Kastor & Polydeukes....
Ceres
Goddess of agriculture and the harvest, and Divine source of Life energy. Similar in many respects to the Hellenic Demeter, Ceres is also responsible for seasonality in abdicating her Attribute during winter, the time when her daughter Proserpina spends...
Clementia
Goddess of mildness and mercy....
Consus
God of secret plans and conspiracies....
Cunina
Goddess of the cradle, and Protectress of the nursery....
Cupid
Son of Venus, and God of love and sexual passion....
Decima and Nona
Two closely linked Goddesses who are guardians of the nine months of gestation....
Dercetius
Iberian. A God of mountains and upland regions....
Deverra and Intercidona
Two guardians of newborns, whose specific task is defence against malignant influence, especially magickal or spiritual....
Diana
Goddess of the Moon, the natural world, a huntress and protectress of animals. A perpetual maiden, she was usually conflated with the Hellenic Artemis....
Disciplina
Goddess of martial order and soldierly conduct....
Discordia
Goddess of confusion and unreasoning panic. Often conflated with the Hellenic Eris....
Dispater
Underworld ruler of the dead, similar in many respects to the Hellenic Hades....
Eacus
Iberian. A weather deity, often conflated with Jupiter....
Edusa
Goddess of nourishment, especially for infants....
Endouellicus
Iberian. An oracular God, with healing attributes. His cult was strongest in western Iberia....
Fabulinus
A God who governs the first words uttered by a toddler....
Fauna and Faunus
Paired Deities of grove and forest, and the life therein. Faunus was originally a mythical King of Latium, but in later times, these spirits were conflated with Hellenic Pan, and the Race of Satyrs....
Faustitas
Goddess of benificence and fertility....
Fecunditas
Goddess of growth and fertility...
Felicitas
Goddess of prosperity, especially agricultural....
Fides
God of trust, faith, and loyalty....
Flora
Goddess of plant life, especially flowers. Her festival was one noted for sexual extravagance, but She also has connections with the Dead....
Fortuna
Goddess of luck and chance, often combined with the Hellenic Tyche. Note also the Celtic Nehalennia and the Anglo-Saxon Elen....
Genius
Any of a class of Spirits, each one the Guide and Protector of a particular person of male gender. Similar in most respects to the modern idea of a Guardian Angel. See also Juno....
Hellenic Pantheon
The blending of Latin with Hellenic elements was extreme, and produced a long series of Divinities with virtually identical Attributes, and two names, a Latin one and a Greek one. The two pantheons are nearly isomorphic in fact, from Jupiter/Zeus and Juno/Hera...
Honus
God of military honor, especially as exemplified by awards and recognition....
Imporcitor
The God presiding over the plowing of the fields; especially, the drawing of the furrow....
Insitor
The God presiding over the sowing of seed....
Isis
Egyptian. Also widely known as Stella Maris (Star of the Sea). She is the very well known Egyptian Goddess associated with rebirth and motherhood, and her cult became very popular in many areas during Roman imperial times. That cult has had a powerful impact...
Janus
God of time, space, and passage. Guardian of roadways and gates, and presiding over all beginnings and cycles. He can see past, present, and future, and is responsible for the orderly movement of people and ideas through their appointed rounds. He is an...
Juno
I. Consort of Jupiter and queen of Heaven. Similar in most respects to the Hellenic Hera, Juno was considered the Protectress of Women ans Patroness of the Matronly virtues.As with Her Greek counterpart, she suffers from jealous rages at her Consort's...
Jupiter
Lord of the Universe, and King of Heaven. As with nearly all Aryan Gods of Sovereignty, He is a sky-lord, and his chief instrument of power is the thunderbolt. Similar in many respects to the Hellenic Zeus. Differences in personality are subtle, but real;...
Justicia
Goddess of balanced agreement and justice. Sometimes equated with the Hellenic Dike....
Juventas
Goddess of youth and youthful activity. Closely paralleling the Hellenic Hebe....
Lactanus
The God of crop vitality and growth....
Lares, The
A set of household Gods worshipped by nearly everyone. They were said to be the offspring of Mercurius by Larunda, an Etruscan Goddess who was recognized in Roman times as the nymph Lara. The Lares were associated with the Lar Familiaris, ancestral spirits...
Liber
A God of vegetation and husbandry. His cult was conflated with that of Dionysios to a degree, and his festival was kept as a celebration for young men who had achieved adulthood....
Liberalitas
Goddess of generosity and social virtue....
Libertas
Goddess of freedom. She is always seen wearing a freedman's cap, as does the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor, a figure which would be instantly recognizable to a Roman, and unremarkable save for sheer size....
Libitina
Goddess of death or, more specifically, recipient and custodian of corpses. Her priests were needed in order to ritually purify a dead body, and claim it for the Goddess; before this was done, mere contact with a corpse was spiritually polluting. Her temple...
Lucifer
(light-bearer) The morning star. Said to be the son of Aurora....
Lucina
An Aspect of Diana, Lucina is both a Spirit of midwivery as the Source of the first light seen by a newborn, and also Goddess of Moonlight and hence bringer of visions and phantasms. See also Candelifera....
Lupercus
God of wolves, significant to Romans in that the mythological founders of the Roman Nation (Romulus and Remus) were suckled by a she-wolf in infancy....
Maponus
British. Lord of poetry and music; revered during the Roman occupation of Britain....
Mars
God of war and soldiers. Often identified with the Hellenic Ares, Mars did not have that Deity's grim and brutal reputation, but was seen rather as a legitimate apotheosis of the State's power and majesty....
Mefitis
Goddess of miasmas and sulphuric vapours; associated closely with plagues and malarias, as these were regarded as the results of the volcanic emissions so common in Italy....
Mellonia
Presiding Goddess of bee-keeping....
Mercurius
The Messenger and Herald of the Gods, He also had responsibility for travelers and roadways. Similar in many ways to the Hellenic Hermes, Mercurius in the Roman world bore the cadeucus (a serpent entwinned staff) as a symbol of his office. The Romans also...
Mercury
Gaulish/Continental. This is a native Celtic divinity who was identified by the Romans as the Celtic version of their own Mercurius/Hermes. His Celtic Name was ignored and has not survived. He seems to have been a God of prosperity, and skill in artisanship....
Messor
The God of the reaping and harvesting process....
Minerva
Daughter of Jupiter, Goddess of war and peace or, more properly, the decisions and actions of the State. As such, she is also a Goddess of wisdom. Based on an early Etruscan Goddess, She became heavily conflated with the Hellenic Pallas Athene....
Mithras
Persian/Mesopotamian. Based on a Zoroastrian original (Mitra), Mithras became a virtually universal God in later Imperial times, especially among legionary soldiers. An austere and highly ethical Divinity, Mithras demanded honourable conduct, obedience to...
Moneta
Goddess of wealth and fortune. An Aspect of Juno, as her temple was the site of the mint....
Nemetona
(she of the sacred grove). Gaulish. A Continental Deity revered during Roman times; her name may be cognate with the Irish Valkyrie Nemain, and in fact the Romans seem to have regarded her as having some connection with Mars....
Neptune
Conflated in many important ways to the Hellenic Poseidon, Neptune is nevertheless not a Sea God as such, but to the Roman mind came out of an agricultural background. He is watery in that he is a Patron of irrigation, and like Poseidon he is a Master of...
Neptunus
The earliest version of Neptune, this Aspect is the presiding God of Irrigation and canals....
Obarator
The God ruling over fertilization and seed production....
Ops
A Goddess of the harvest, She controls the growth of plants from seed to maturity....
Pales
A Goddess of pastoral concerns, She is Guardian and Nurturer of the flocks and herds....
Partula
Goddess of parturition...
Pietas
Goddess of filial devotion and duty....
Pilumnus
Guardian God of an infant at the moment of birth....
Pluto
A cthonic Deity, Lord of the Underworld and Ruler of the Dead. In many ways identical to the Hellenic Hades, Pluto also was wed to the daughter of the primary seasonal and agrarian Goddess ( Proserpina, daughter of Ceres), a circumstance which causes blights...
Pomona
Goddess of orchards and fruit-bearing trees....
Potina
Goddess of nourishment, specifically healthy liquids and drinks, in infants....
Proserpina
Daughter of Ceres, Consort of Pluto, and identical in all important respects to the Hellenic Persephone....
Providentia
Goddess of forethought....
Puta
The Goddess of pruning, trimming, and silviculture generally....
Quirinus
A God of war, said to be the apotheosized Spirit of Romulus, founder of the City....
Redarator
God of the ploughing-under, the return of the fields to fallow after harvest....
Rosmerta
Gaulish/Continental. A Celtic Goddess whose name has not survived, except for Her Latin nomen, which means "Good Provider". She is essentially a Goddess of success and prosperity, and her chief attribute is an inexhaustable Purse of Plenty. She is...
Rumina
Goddess of breast-feeding....
Sarapis
Helleno-Egyptian. A synchretic Deity introduced into Egypt from Macedonia as an aspect of Osiris and a symbol of rebirth, Sarapis became widely revered during Roman Imperial times as a solar God with healing Attributes, combining elements of Jupiter, Helios,...
Sarritor
A God governing the gathering of the harvest; specifically, the Patron of the carts hauling the harvest to the mills....
Saturn
A southern Italian Deity who became identified with the Hellenic Kronos. It was said of him that south Italy was the place to which he resorted after his deposition by Zeus....
Securita
Goddess of safety and stability....
Semnocosus
Iberian. A War God, commomly worshipped among common soldiers in Iberian legions....
Silvanus
(he of the forest)A God associated with parkland, copses, wooded glens, and the forest itself. His spirit was present anywhere there was waste ground or uncultivated land. He was an ominous figure, one who held the potential for terror and death, since to the...
Sol Invictus
A late Imperial Aspect of Jupiter, combining many elements of Sovereignty, Aerial, weather, and Solar cults....
Spes
Goddess of hope....
Spiniensis
A God of briar patches and thorn bushes; He is the Patron of the uprooting of same. He is thus an Aspect of an important process to the Roman mind, that of reducing the Wild to the Orderly....
Stercullus
The God of fertilization and the manuring of the crops....
Summanus
A (literally) shadowy counterpart, or perhaps Aspect, to Jupiter. A Sky-Lord and Ruler of the nocturnal heavens, inasmuch as Jupiter was associated with diurnal hours....
Tacita
Goddess of silence....
Tellus
An ancient Grain Goddess, often called Terra Mater (Earth-Mother), and responsible for crop growth and fertility. She has authority over the Dead, as well, and in that Aspect Her name was used to curse enemies; opponent armies were deemed Her legitimate...
Terminus
Deity of Sacred Space, and the boundaries thereof. His Spirit was said to reside in cairns, landmarks, and boundary markers. He is another example, like Janus, of the Roman preoccupation with space, distance, edges, and the transition from one state to...
The Penates
A group of household Divinities, Guardians of a particular House and Family. They had special patronage over the hearth and kitchen, and the head of each household served as their priest....
Tiberinus
Tutelary God of the Tiber River....
Vagitanus
The Guardian God ruling an infant's first sound after birth....
Venus
(blooming nature ?) Goddess of beauty and sexual love, and in many important respects similar to the Hellenic Aphrodite. In the Roman view, She was the daughter of Jupiter and Dione, and like so many Roman Divinities, she had considerable authority and...
Venus - The Sweet Goddess of Love
A soft, tender world in which we intimately relate to the persons and objects we love, a world where rejection is replaced by an over-flowing river of attention and attraction, a world full of beauty and harmony. The confirmation that you are okay…the...
Vertumnus
The Consort of Pomona, He is the Patron of gardeners and cultivated ground; He also has a general authority over orderly change, as in the progress of the seasons. Based on an earlier Etruscan Deity....
Vesper
The evening star. Perhaps a son of Aurora....
Vesta
A household Guardian of primary importance, She is the Goddess of fire as a controlled thing, and of the hearth. Her Temple in Rome was considered one of the chief props of the State, its continuity guarenteeing the health of the res publica. It contained an...
Victoria
Goddess of victory, especially in a martial sense. Sometimes equated with the Hellenic Nike....
Virtus
Goddess of Virtue and integrity....
Volumna
A general guardian and tutelary of infancy and the nursery....
Voluptas
Goddess of satisfaction, pleasure, and delight....
Vulcan
Originally an Etruscan God, Vulcan came to be recognized as a primary patron of Smiths, mechanics, and craftsmen. As such, he was often combined with the Hellenic Hephaestus and, like him (and so many other Aryan Smithy Gods), was lame. Also like Hephaestus,...

Roman is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

The Roman slave supply
ROMAN COINS
Although the earliest Roman coins used Greek denomi- nations, such as the century b.c. The base unit of Roman coinage was the as.
Table of Roman Numeral Year Dates
Table of Roman Numeral Year Dates. Paged by Century, 1401~2100. Compiled by Christopher Handy charta@pop.
THE SECRETS OF ROMAN CONCRETE
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ROMAN CHARIOTS, RAILROAD TRACKS, MILSPECS, AND URBAN. LEGENDS . Every culture has its urban legends.

Suggested News Resources

Roman-Age Gold Mine Revived by Crisis-Era Prices Draws Canada Miner Astur
(AST), a Canadian company developing what it sees as western Europe's largest untapped gold field, expects to win a mining license in 2012 for the site on Spain's northern coast last exploited in Roman times.
New Orleans Saints defensive tackle Sedrick Ellis, safety Roman Harper
New Orleans Saints Coach Sean Payton said defensive tackle Sedrick Ellis and safety Roman Harper would play this week if it were a regular season game.
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Tight ends flourished in that system at Stanford, so Harbaugh and offensive coordinator Greg Roman are looking to carry that over with Davis and Delanie Walker. Undrafted Stanford product Konrad Reuland also is in the mix.
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The personable and informative Greg Roman took to the stand Wednesday before practice. Here the highlights of what the 49ers offensive coordinator had to say.
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Roman Abramovich arrived in the French port of Antibes this week aboard his boat, Eclipse, which is the largest yacht in the world at more than 530 feet, and couldn't find suitable parking.

Suggested Web Resources

Roman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Geographic Coordinating Areas. Click in a Geographic Coordinating Area or use the menus below to access weather information.
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