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Deities & Heros >> Egyptian
dakhla oasis, siwa oasis, tall plumes, kharga oasis


Author: Mirjam

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Amon, Amun, Imen, Primeval Creator God mentioned in the Pyramid Texts together with his wife Amanuet. Often called "The Hidden One" and associated with the invisible wind. Another name was "He who abides in all things", the ba of all things.

He was sometimes depicted in the form of a goose, and sometimes as a ram with curved horns or as a ram-headed man. The ram with curved horns was sacred to him, indicating him as a fertility god and he was also shown in ityphallic form as Amun-Min. Another frequent image of Amun shows him in human form, with two tall plumes on top of his head, and wearing a short kilt.

In the 11th Dynasty he merged with the royal cult of Re in Thebes and became Amun-Re, the Sun-god. His importance endured into the Greek and Roman days.

Main center of worship:

Thebes/Waset, 4th Nome, Upper Egypt

Other temple locations:

Djamet/Medinet Habu 4th N, Upper Egypt

Khmun/Hermopolis/el-Asmunein 15th N, Upper Egypt

Teudjoi/Ankyronopolis/el-Hiba 18th N, Upper Egypt
("Amun of Great Roaring")

Mennefer/Memphis, 1st N, Lower Egypt

Naukratis 7th N, Lower Egypt

Djan´net/Tanis 19th N, Lower Egypt

Ain Amur Between El-Kharga and El-Dakhla, from Roman times.

Ain Birbiyah at El-Dakhla Oasis, from Roman times.

Deir El-Hagar, at Dakhla Oasis, from Roman times.

Nadura, at El-Kharga Oasis, two small temples, Roman times.

Temple of Hibis, at El-Kharga Oasis, to Amun, Mut and Khonsu.

Qasr Ain-El-Zaijan, at El-Kharga Oasis, Roman times.

Siwa Oasis, 26th Dynasty.

Djan´net/Tanis, 19th N, Lower Egypt

Qasr El-Megysbeh at Bahariya Oasis, to both Amun and Horus, Greek times.

Main Festival: Opet which was celebrated when the yearly rising of the Nile was halfways through. the cult-statue of the god was carried on a processional boat from his temple at Karnak to the great temple at Luxor, 2.5 km away, where it stayed for several days before it returned to Karnak.