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Deities & Heros >> Egyptian
potters wheel, source of the nile, upper egypt, creator god

Khnum/Khenmew

Author: Mirjam

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Worshipped in the form of a ram in early New Kingdom, later as a man with a ram's head. At Elephantine he was guardian of the source of the Nile and thought to cause the inundation. He and his consort Satis and Anuket, their divine child, made up the Elephantine Triad.


More important, he was a creator god, an aspect of the procreative power of the ram and the life-giving Nile. In this capacity he shaped the child on his pottersĀ“ wheel and then implanted it in the mother's womb. Even the gods he created in this way. He was "Father of fathers", "Mother of mothers" and assisted at birth together with Heket, the goddess of birth.


At Esna he was the creator of all beings and gods; Re - the sun, Nut - the skies; , Shu - the air; Osiris - the netherworld and Geb - the earth were all included in Khnum. Khnum being depicted as a fourheaded ram as thought to depict this.

Main center of worship:




Abu/Elephantine 1st Nome, Upper Egypt






Other places:




Iunyt/Latopolis/Esna 2nd Nome, Upper Egypt


Kom-El-Deir (opposite), 2nd Nome, Upper Egypt


Festivals: (exact dates not historically verified)



22nd January - 8th Pamenot - Day of making way for Khnum

At Esna he was the creator of all beings and gods; Re - the sun, Nut - the skies; , Shu - the air; Osiris - the netherworld and Geb - the earth were all included in Khnum. Khnum being depicted as a fourheaded ram ias thought to depict this.

Suggested Web Resources

Egypt: The Gods of Ancient Egypt - Khnum (Khenmew, khnemu
Khepri, Khnum, Khonsu
On this page: Khenti-Amentiu, Khepri Khnum, Khonsu. Please note - Festival days are an estimation compiled from several sources.
Khnum, Potter God of the Inundation Silt and Creation...
Gods of Ancient Egypt: Khnum
Khnum.
Joseph Almighty's Site - Firstborn Son of Almighty God - Compelling