Buddha, the enlightened one, is primarily referred to Siddhartha Sakyamuni Gautama, the historical founder of Buddhism. He was a prince of a small kingdom in Kalinga (now Orissa), Northern India. Only legends and traditional beliefs give us insights on the early life and birth of the Lord Buddha.
No one knows the specific date of the Buddha’s birth. According to a legend, he comes out from his mother’s side without causing her any pain and the earth trembled as he was born. After which, he was miraculously showered with water. He stood up, walked seven steps and declared he would be the chief of the world and this would be his last reincarnation. His parents named him Siddhyrtha Gautama. Siddhartha means “one who has achieved his aim”. Gautama was his clan name. His other name is Sakyamuni which means “the sage of the Sykyas”. His mother died three days after his birth.
A sage prophesied that one day Sakyamuni would become either a king or a great religious leader. His father, afraid that he might choose the religious life, raised him into a state of luxury fully attached to material or earthly things.
At an early age of 16, he was married to Yasodhary. At the age of 29, he had a son, Ryhula, with his wife. After his son’s birth, curious about what lies outside the real world, some sources said he took four journeys by chariot. Other sources say he had four visions. During the first journey/vision, he was deeply disturbed by seeing an old, helpless, weak man. On the second, he saw sick and depressed man suffering from acute disease. On the third, he saw a grieving family carrying their dead to a cremation site. He was affected deeply by the sufferings brought about by old age, illness and death. On his fourth journey/vision, he saw a religious monk, an ascetic, devoid of all the pleasures in life and leads a life of meditation and was calm and serene. Siddhartha’s fourth encounter encouraged him to follow the way of the ascetic and seek spiritual solution to the problems brought about by human sufferings.
Siddhartha had tried various ways to seek and discover practical solutions to human sufferings. First, he tried
meditation but failed.
Second, he tried to practice breath control and fasted intensely for six years. However, he suffered extreme physical discomforts and nearly die of starvation.
Finally, he decided to reject this path as well. He found out that neither the extremes of asceticism nor the mortification of the flesh would lead to enlightenment but rather only weaknesses and self-destruction. Then he discovered that a better path to achieve the state of Nirvana, a state of liberation and freedom from suffering, was to pursue the “middle way”, defined as moderation and meditation.
One night while seated underneath a large tree known as the Bodhi tree, he began to meditate and never stood up until he discovered the truth. At dawn, he became a fully enlightened Buddha. After enlightenment, Buddha gave his first sermon in Sarnath where he revealed and taught the Four Noble Truths: First, that suffering exists; Second, that there is a cause for suffering; Third, there is an end to suffering; and Fourth, that there is a path leading to the cessation of suffering and for suffering to cease, one must follow the Eightfold Path- Right View, Right Intention, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration.
Buddha recruited lay disciples (male and female) to teach and spread his methodology to others who are in the state of sufferings. He converted his former ascetic companions and become the first monks of Buddhism. The ministry of Buddha continues for almost 45 years until he passed away at the age of 80. Thus, he entered final Nirvana. His body was cremated.
After his death, Buddhism spread all over the world and evolved into two or three forms: Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhism, and Vajrayana Buddhism. Today, Buddha is recognized as the father of Buddhist religion, the fourth largest religion.
Buddha did not consider himself as a prophet to propagate doctrinal revelation of a supreme being but a teacher and keen observer of life. He observed life as it is; the human beings who suffer through his life’s journey. He searched and discovered practical solutions to the human sufferings he saw in the real world. Indeed, Buddha’s teachings do not subscribed to any spiritual doctrines or recognized any form of deities or gods. He formulated methods, not doctrines based on human state of being and behaviors in life.
Buddha statues and images are typically portrayed sitting with his legs crossed in a lotus position. He sits in peaceful, compassionate meditation. Today, his followers worshiped him as a supreme human being.
Suggested Pdf Resources
- Sutra of the Medicine Buddha
- The Sutra of the Medicine Buddha is among the most popular texts in. East Asia Stamped Buddha images, above the ceiling of an ancient temple.
- Killing the Buddha
- to have said, “if you meet the Buddha on the road, kill him.
- Buddha's Brain:
- Nonetheless, the Buddha taught that attaining Nibbana required a dedicated Glamorizing science – As the Buddha said, “See for yourself.
- Medicine Buddha Practice
- Reciting the Mantra of Medicine Buddha brings many benefits, worldly and spiritual. Lama Zopa "Reciting Medicine Buddha mantra has inconceivable merit.
- The Buddha Speaks of Amitabha Sutra
- The Buddha Speaks of. Amitabha Sutra with commentaries of the. Venerable Master Hsuan Hua.
Suggested News Resources
- Man accused of stalking on Twitter claims free speech
- New York: Even the Buddha of compassion might have been distressed to be on the receiving end of the diatribes that William Lawrence Cassidy is accused of posting on Twitter. They certainly rattled Alyce Zeoli, a Buddhist leader based in Maryland.
- Veiled hardship: 'Buddha' describes lives of Japanese brides
- "The Buddha in the Attic" moves forward in waves of experiences, like movements in a musical composition. The brides travel across the Pacific in cramped steerage to meet their husbands, who are often neither as attractive nor as well-off as promised.
- Coming to America, Lured by a Photo
- By Julie Otsuka Like its predecessor, “The Buddha in the Attic” unfurls as a sequence of linked narratives, some no longer than a paragraph.
- In the face of fate, we should be shameless and defiant: Arun Shourie
- His long quest for answers has taken him to the teachings of Buddha. “There is no use looking for explanations to suffering.
Suggested Web Resources
- Gautama Buddha - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- The day of the Buddha's birth is widely celebrated in Theravada countries as Vesak.
- THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA
- As a child, Siddhartha the Buddha, was troubled by some of the same thoughts that children today have. They wonder about birth and death.
- Buddha Quotes - BrainyQuote
- Share the best Quotes by Buddha with your friends and family at BrainyQuote. com.
- About Buddha
- Includes the life of Buddha, the founder of the Buddhist religion, and his teachings.
- The Buddhist World: Gautama Buddha
- Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, was born in the sixth century B.C. in what is now modern Nepal.
Related searchestom daschle family background
amphetamine physiological effects
a mathematicians apology summary
owatonna minnesota history
koan interpretation of koans