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Black Smokers

A selection of articles related to black smokers.

AMNH - Black Smokers smoker.jpg AMNH - Black Smokers Dan Adair Blog site

Original articles from our library related to the Black Smokers. See Table of Contents for further available material (downloadable resources) on Black Smokers.

Black Gospel Music
Black Gospel music is also known as Urban Contemporary Gospel music. Its roots were the Negro spiritual songs that were sang by the African slaves while tilling the rich cotton fields of their white Southern masters in the early 18th century.
>> Poetry & Fable
Magick >> Rituals
How Odin Became Santa Claus: Symbolism and Pagan Origins of a Gift-Giving Saint
The story begins in the northern regions of Europe where the supreme god Odin, also known as Wodan among the German tribes, reigned. (He still lives among us in Wednesday, which is Wodan’s day). Odin/Wodan was the god of wisdom, magick and occult knowledge,...
Deities & Heros >> Nordic & Germanic
Religions >> Christianity & Paganism
Select Cross-Cultural and Historical Personifications of Death
This extensive introduction includes some of the more well known, along with some lesser known Death "incarnations", and I use that term loosely, as in many cultures, the Angel of Death can be quite an adept shapeshifter. We have tried to cull...
Mystic Sciences >> Necromantic Studies
Black Cord Binding
Use this to bind someone from hurting others and themselves. ONLY do this if there are no other options available to you. You need: Black cord–long enough to tie 3 knots in, A photo of the person harming others First of all sit and cast circle. Explain to the...
Paganism & Wicca >> Spells
Black: Correspondences
Definition: Night, absorb energy, new beginnings Magickal Powers: Absorb negativity, end one situation - birth of the next Element: Earth Direction: North Gender: Female Season: Winter Stage of Life: Elder Candle Magick: Neutrality, discord, Protection and...
Symbology >> Colorology

Black Smokers is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Black Smokers books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

Activity 2: Precipitates and Black Smokers
Transfer of energy. • Earth and Space Science: • Structure of the earth system. Activity 2: Precipitates and Black Smokers.
Black Smokers: Incubators on the Seafloor
Deborah S. Kelley is Assistant Professor in the Department of Oceanography at the University of Washington.
THE LOST CITY HYDROTHERMAL FIELD THE LOST CITY
Variations in ambient light emission from black smokers
Early measurements at black smokers on the East Pacific. Rise and the Mid- Atlantic Ridge from black smokers and flange pools on the Juan de Fuca. Ridge.
IN BLACK SMOKERS AND NONSMOKERS
These findings suggest that re- ported abnormalities in small airway function in smokers in the general population may not be applicable to black smokers.

Suggested News Resources

Menthol Cigarettes Harder to Quit
African-Americans were 19% less likely to successfully quit smoking if they smoked menthol cigarettes, although 71% of black smokers preferred menthol cigarettes.
Researchers Stream Live Video From Undersea Volcano Off Oregon
researchers plan to stream live video from the seafloor onto the internet via a satellite link. Some of the cool things you may see include fresh lava flows, cartoonish deep sea octopi and hydrothermal vents called "snowblowers" and "black smokers.
Editorial: Addictive menthol cigarettes need to be snuffed out permanently
More than 70 percent of black smokers in the US smoke menthols, compared with 21 percent of white smokers.
Symbiotic Bacteria Serve as Hydrogen "Fuel Cells" for Deep-Sea Mussels
Hydrogen Highway: Exceptional symbiotic communities live at the black smokers 9800 feet below the ocean's surface. MARUM Researchers used remotely driven deep-sea subs to retrieve some of the mussels, and brought them to the surface.
Deep-sea mining stirs risk concerns
In the industry parlance, the vents are known as "black smokers" because they resemble underwater chimneys that spew black, fine-grained effluent.

Suggested Web Resources

AMNH - Black Smokers
They are known as black smokers, like the ones seen above.
Hydrothermal vent - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Savage Earth: Black Smokers
"Black Smokers". by Kathy Svitil.
smokers on the seafloor - USGS WCMG
Apr 29, 2008 "Black Smokers" are named for the soot-like appearance of the ejected material billowing out of the "chimneys".
Black Smoker - YouTube
Nov 6, 2007 Eine schwarze Raucher Fumeur noir Nero fumatore Un negro fumador черного курильщика 黑人吸煙者 أ الدخان الاسود 검은 흡연 黒の喫煙.

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