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Calas Affair

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Original articles from our library related to the Calas Affair. See Table of Contents for further available material (downloadable resources) on Calas Affair.

The Character of Magick
I have a friend, her husband is morbidly obese through indulgent overeating. Whole roasts at night! She feels betrayed. My husband is unconscious in the hospital bed, as I sit here I feel incredibly alone and abandoned. I miss him, yet he is right there. A...
Paganism & Wicca >> Daily Life
11 - Lust
In most Tarot decks this card is called Strength. Lust however is the enjoyment of feeling strong in your life, it is lust for life, being the life-force itself! It is the intimately union of the sun (the lion, male principle) with the moon (the woman, female...
Tarot Cards >> The Major Arcana
A Quick Guide to Reading Ordinary Playing Cards
Divining from regular playing cards is an old practice and I am sure many of us know at least one fortune-telling game done with this tool. Reading regular cards is called cartomancy or metasymbology. Playing cards have been called "The Devil's Picture...
Divination >> Tarot Cards
Everything you always wanted to know about the beliefs of the Founding Fathers that your Congressman will never tell you!
Through the Dark Ages, civilization and learning languished under the iron rule of the church. Finally, through the rediscovery of the Pagan Classics, Plato, Aristotle, Epictetus, Plotinus and many other philosophers, the west began to see a glimmer of the...
Saga of Times Past >> History & Anthropology
Lughnasadh
Lughnasadh (pronounced Loo-nas-ah), August 1st, is the first harvest festival in the Celtic and Neo-Pagan Year. Like all Celtic Fire Festivals, it begins on the eve of the actual day. Although it later became known as Christian Lammas, it still survives in...
Holidays >> Lammas
Hyoscyamus niger
Hyoscyamus niger is a remedy for the more passive psychoses. There certainly can be outbursts of violent aggression, but usually the patient is mainly occupied with him- or herself. These people are talking nonsense to themselves or to unseen people, often...
Remedies >> Remedies G
Mythic Heroes of Celtic Ireland
The Celtic mythology of Ireland is best summarized as consisting of four broad cycles. This month's article deals with mythic Celtic mortals, figures who populate the stories in the second and third cycles below. Four Cycles of Irish Mythology Foundation...
Saga of Times Past >> Legend and Prehistory

Calas Affair is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Calas Affair books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

Biased Judges Condemned Jean Calas - Justice Denied
stances of the case, ... so that the innocent person may be .... case, asking for more information about the murder and ....
Treatise on Tolerance
The murder of Calas, sanctioned by the sword of justice on March , in the city of Toulouse, is one .... parlement; the Calas affair was one such instance.
in the Stanford Law Review - Death Penalty ProCon.org
since 1762, when it was established that Jean Calas was innocent of the ... See generally D. BIEN, THE CALAS AFFAIR: PERSECUTION, TOLERATION, AND ...
the decline of the german mandarins - Cambridge Journals
Dreyfus affair.1 Nevertheless, the concept has a distinguished pedigree that can ... notably, the Calas affair—as well as Victor Hugo's vehement protests against ...
H-France Review Volume 15 (2015) Page 1
His article on “The background of the Calas affair” (1958), reproduced here, and even more his landmark book on the Calas Affair two years later, overturned the.

Suggested News Resources

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Suggested Web Resources

Jean Calas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jean Calas (1698 – March 10, 1762) was a merchant living in Toulouse, France, who was the ... French philosopher Voltaire was contacted about the case, and after initial suspicions that Calas was guilty of anti-Catholic fanaticism were ...
The Calas affair | Musée virtuel du Protestantisme
The Calas affair. Home > History > The Calas affair. Jean Calas, a Protestant merchant, was sentenced to death on the Wheel by the Parliament in Toulouse and ...
Jean Calas | French historian | Britannica.com
The panel reversed Calas's conviction on March 9, 1765, and the government paid the family an indemnity. The Calas affair greatly strengthened the movement  ...
The Gruesome Case That Made Voltaire a Crusader for the Innocent
Mar 13, 2015 In eighteenth-century France, the wrongful execution of Jean Calas ... A gruesome legal case turned Voltaire into a crusader for the innocent.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Calas Case - New Advent
Jean Calas was a French Calvinist, born 19 March, 1698, at La Caparede near Castres, in the department of Tarn; executed 10 March, 1762, at Toulouse.

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