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Circular Reasoning

A selection of articles related to circular reasoning.

Logical Fallacies Handlist God exists because God exists because… « Ironwolf Circular Reasoning Works Because | My[ Circular reasoning? - U.S. Politics Online: A Political Discussion ...

Original articles from our library related to the Circular Reasoning. See Table of Contents for further available material (downloadable resources) on Circular Reasoning.

Software of the Mind #3: Implementing Natural Software
" Logic " is a primary means for the refinement of the mental vehicle in particular. A common view of logic is that it is merely a system of reasoning that is in itself without direction. This view holds that logic is only a framework of...
Mystic Sciences >> Mind
About The Kabalah
Kabalah (Cabala, Qabalah) is an ancient Hebrew method that investigates man’s position in the universe. Why does man exist? Where does he come from? Kabbalah can answer such questions through the spiritual world. Unlike theoretical studies, Kabalah is a very...
Magick >> Qabalah
Survivalists' Guide for the New Millennium: Chapter 7
MAKING FRIENDS WITH NATURE AND NATURAL LAW The fall of human society has not occurred overnight. It has taken many centuries, many millennia in fact, for the Divine potentials and inherent genius of the human being to degrade into the modern...
Philosophy >> Survivalists Guide for the New Millennium
Hypnosis, volition, and mind control.
5.1. Is the hypnotist in control of me? The exact nature of what we experience as 'will' or volition is anage-old philosophical problem that has yet to be resolved by brain scientistsor psychologists. Some aspects of hypnotic responding point out weaknesses...
Parapsychology >> Hypnosis
What day are you born on?
The day of the month on which the you were born - regardless of which month or year it is - is a key numerological indicator, providing an excellent "thumbnail sketch" of standout traits. It strongly influences your Life Path and is helpful in...
Symbology >> Numerology
The Fundamentalist's Problem
One of the most frustrating things for a person who does not subscribe to a fundamentalist way of thinking is that having an open and expansive conversation about spirituality and God with a fundamentalist personality is virtually impossible, if possible at...
Religion & Philosophy >> Religions
Pagan Musings
We're of the old religion, sired of Time, and born of our beloved Earth Mother. For too long the people have trodden a stony path that goes only onward beneath a sky that goes only upwards. The Horned God plays in a lonely glade for the people are scattered...
Religions >> Paganism & Wicca

Circular Reasoning is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Circular Reasoning books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

What Is Circular Reasoning?
Visual Detection of Circular Reasoning: Three-Factor Model
Circular Reasoning
Circular Reasoning. Page 1. (c) Noyce Foundation 2008.
Circular reasoning
In fact, however, circular reasoning in actual argumentation is sometimes difficult to spot. What makes it difficult to decide whether an argument is circular?
Circular Reasoning

Suggested News Resources

Dilemmas of loyalty
Sowell: Rioters are the canaries in the West's coal mine
There is not a speck of evidence that the rioters and looters are troubled -- unless you engage in circular reasoning and say that they must have been troubled to do the things they did.
Dispute raises isue of why we elect recorder
An argument that starts with “We've always done it this way” often leads to circular reasoning with no resolution and procedures that are expensive, inefficient or both. That can be costly — literally and figuratively.
Administrative Law: The Second Set of Books
And yes, you read that circular reasoning right. Agencies draft the laws that empower them to draft laws: They write the rules of the game they play against us.
LETTERS: Heroes; Heroic 'illegals'; Support downtown; and more
Taken at face value, such circular reasoning would dictate that we never grant citizenship to illegal aliens because it would cause them to lose their propensity for courageous acts of valor.

Suggested Web Resources

Circular reasoning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Circular reasoning is a formal logical fallacy in which the proposition to be proved is assumed implicitly or explicitly in one of the premises.
Circular Reasoning
Mission: Critical (Circular Reasoning)
Fallacy: Begging the Question
Also Known as: Circular Reasoning, Reasoning in a Circle, Petitio Principii. This sort of "reasoning" typically has the following form.
What Is Circular Reasoning?

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