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Kardashevs is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Kardashevs books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

Just My Type: Kardashev Civilizations in SF and Beyond
Nikolai Kardashev was what some might call a schemer.
MINUTES of the RadioAstron Teleconference on March 16, 2011
Mar 16, 2011 N. Kardashev informed the participants on the progress in mission N.
Sensitivity evaluation of subm illim eter interferom eter 9arth - space
V. Gromov, N. Kardashev.
Kardashev law is observed. radio spectrum follows the Kardashev (1962) laws. The second.
Internal friction and Young modulus of V Ti Cr alloy before, during a
B.K.Kardashev, V.

Suggested News Resources

Recommended: Europe and Russia aim for Mars
The asteroids are, ultimately, a better resource for a Kardashev II Civilisation.
"Culture is the expression of the guiding philosophy of the day."—Murray Rothbard
He's right: Given Earth's relative backwardness (on the Kardashev Scale, we're 0.6), preempting an alien invasion just isn't in the cards.
On the Pernicious De-Radicalization of the Radical Future

Suggested Web Resources

Kardashev scale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kardashev scale is a method of measuring an advanced civilization's level of technological advancement.
Nikolai Kardashev - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nikolai Kardashev. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
tau zero tries to read kardashev's tea leaves » weird things
tau zero tries to read kardashev's tea leaves. 2011 January 10. tags: futurism, interstellar travel, space exploration, space travel.
Kardashev scale civilizations, type 0,1,2,3 civilizations and beyond
Jul 7, 2010 A Russian scientist called Kardashev invented a scheme to determine how powerful a civilization was.
Abusing The Kardashev Scale For Fun And Profit - Television
The Abusing The Kardashev Scale For Fun And Profit trope as used in popular culture, with a list of examples from all media.

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