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Ruminants is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Ruminants books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

Ruminant Digestive System
Ruminant Digestive System. Complex structure with four compartments.
Biosynthesis of conjugated linoleic acid in ruminants
Peste des Petits Ruminants
Infectious Reproductive Diseases of Small Ruminants
Several diseases which infect small ruminants result in abortion or reduced fertility and some may also infect humans (zoonotic diseases).
Caseous Lymphadenitis in Small Ruminants (Livestock Health
Agriculture and Natural Resources. FSA3095. Livestock Health Series.

Suggested News Resources

"Maria, there is some food in my bugs!"
Earthworms can eat cellulose and convert it into biomass by fermenting it the way that ruminants do. Earth worms are effectively cold-blooded ruminants. Dr.
Towards the 32500 litre dairy herd: Is more always better?
Uncle Mo nosed out in return to races
Agriculture column: Incidents of insect-transmitted diseases increasing
It is an acute, infectious, often fatal viral disease of some wild ruminants. This malady, characterized by extensive hemorrhages, has been responsible for significant epizootics in deer in the northern US and southern Canada.
Bridging gap in feed resource and feeding management in dairy animals
Since majority of ruminants are reared in rain-fed areas those are posed with wider shortage of quality feeds and seasonal shortage in quantity of feeds along with seasonal shortages in quantities.

Suggested Web Resources

Ruminant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ruminant | Define Ruminant at
Ruminant definition at, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
Sheep 101: Ruminants
May 29, 2011 Sheep belong to the ruminant classification of animals. Ruminants are characterized by their four-part stomach and "cud-chewing" behavior.
EPA - Ruminant Livestock - Frequent Questions
Ruminant animals, such as cattle, sheep, buffalo, and goats, are unique.
Teachers' Domain: Ruminants
Sep 26, 2003 Why do cows chew their cud?

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