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Vertebrates is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Vertebrates books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

Phylum Chordata Three Subphyla Eight Vertebrate Classes Eight
Subphylum Vertebrata (the vertebrates) Divergence of Cephalochordates and Vertebrates. 1. Most diverse and numerous group of vertebrates.
Vertebrate Origin
Nutrient Composition of Whole Vertebrate Prey (Excluding Fish) Fed in Zoos. AZA, Nutrition Advisory Group Handbook, 14. Finke, 2002.
Classification of Vertebrates
Classification of Vertebrates. Saint Louis Zoo. Life Science Lesson Plans.

Suggested News Resources

Storing vertebrates in the cloud
A trumpet fish and tiger shark, two vertebrate species represented in the world's museum collections. Collection information on these and all other vertebrates will soon to be stored in the cloud for use by researchers and citizen scientists.
Vertebrate Evolution Occurred in Genetically Distinct Epochs
New research by Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists has classified vertebrate evolution in relation to “genetic epochs,” periods of evolution marked by changes in specific sets, or kinds, of genes.
Pigs Have Wings and Elephants Fly: Vertebrates Find a Home in “The Cloud”
It seems such creatures—all vertebrates, in fact—may soon settle into a permanent cloud existence. No, not the cottony white variety, but the cyber kind.
Three Waves Of Innovation In Vertebrate Evolution
A new study, published in Science, analyzed regulatory elements in the vertebrate genome and found three waves of evolutionary innovation in the evolution of vertebrates.
Fossil fish reveals how jaws evolved
Scientists think they're more closely related to today's mammals, birds and fish - and other vertebrates with jaws – than jawless vertebrates like hagfish and lampreys, and so represent an evolutionary intermediate.

Suggested Web Resources

Vertebrate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vertebrates are animals that are members of the subphylum Vertebrata ( chordates with backbones and spinal columns).
Vertebrates: Animals with Backbones
Learn more about vertebrates of North America and the world. Check out our vertebrate animal section. Vertebrates
Vertebrates are the most advanced organisms on Earth.
Introduction to Vertebrates
Vertebrates are also interesting because they are easy to find. We coexist with many other vertebrates and are often quite aware of them in our environment.
Vertebrate Printouts -
Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone. The backbone consists of ring- like bones (vertebrae) that protect the soft spinal cord.

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