The shrine of knowledge.

Viking Decline

A selection of articles related to viking decline.

Original articles from our library related to the Viking Decline. See Table of Contents for further available material (downloadable resources) on Viking Decline.

"Thunder", son of Odin and Earth. The most beloved god of the Viking Age, perhaps seen as the chief god at that time, and often known now as "god of the common man", Thor is best-known for his ceaseless battle against the giants. He is not...
Deities & Heros >> Nordic & Germanic
I can't believe I'm now starting on the Second Aett of the Elder Futhark. Time is indeed flying by! Looks like this is a highly auspicious, or at least a very fitting time for me to write this article! While Hagalaz literally means "hail" as in ice...
Divination >> Rune Stones
This rune, the fifth rune of the third aett and twenty-first of the Elder Futhark, has two names. Kenaz/Kaunaz is the other rune with two names. Laguz is the best-known name of today’s rune. It means “lake.” Laukaz is the alternative name and means “leek,” a...
Divination >> Rune Stones
Story of the Celts: The Ancient Celts
The Ancient Celts [ 8 ] What is surprising to most modern readers is just how widespread across Europe the Celts once were. The Celts have been called the "Fathers of Europe," that is north of the Greco-Roman Mediterranean. Long before the Germanic...
History & Anthropology >> Celtic & Irish
Story of the Celts: The Celts of Ireland
The Celts of Ireland [ 33 ] The Celts arrived in Ireland by 350 B.C (some say earlier) and they thrive there to this day. A claim might be made that the Celtic Irish are among the world's oldest nationality groups. Despite periods when foreigners tried in...
History & Anthropology >> Celtic & Irish
You Have The Power: A Defense For Christians Doing Magick
Recently, Pope John Paul II created a flap when he pronounced, when speaking to some visiting group, that we needed to remember that God includes both genders, and that the feminine aspect of the Deity was as important as the masculine aspect which has become,...
Religion & Philosophy >> Religions
The third rune of the third aett bears the reconstructed Common Germanic name Ehwaz. Later, its name became Aihws in Gothic (note how archaic Gothic is), and still later, Eh in Anglo-Saxon. If you remember that “k” in Indo-European changed to “h” in Germanic,...
Divination >> Rune Stones

Viking Decline is described in multiple online sources, as addition to our editors' articles, see section below for printable documents, Viking Decline books and related discussion.

Suggested Pdf Resources

Why did Norse Greenland fail as a Colony? - University of York
Norse no longer inhabited the two settlements they had established in Greenland around the year 1000, their decline and eventual disappearance has been ...
The Vikings - Oxford University Press
identify geographical features that helped shape Viking society and history ... identify the regions conquered or settled by the Vikings ...... leading to a decline.
Norse Greenland settlement and limits to adaptation - Yale University
The end of Norse Greenland settlement is widely associated with the climate .... 5 -27 % NISP, and the stratified collections indicate no decline in caribou taken ...
The Vikings and Scotland - Impact and Influence - The Royal Society
assess the impact and influence of the Vikings on Scotland it was fitting that the .... passage suggests a decline of process of transmission of basic Christian ...
Raiders, Traders and Explorers: A History of the Viking Expansion
Sep 11, 2014 Lecture 1: General Introduction, Viking Stereotypes and Origins (Thursday ... Danelaw; Anglo-Saxon resistance and Viking decline; the end of ...

Suggested Web Resources

Hurstwic: What Happened to the Vikings?
When I talk to general audience on Viking topics, some frequently asked ... so it is not a surprise that the arrival of the church and the decline of raiding are ...
The end of the Viking Age, The Viking life, Early modern societies
Half a century before the death of King Harald Hardrada, the declining power of the Vikings was becoming more visible as they began to be defeated more often  ...
The End of the Viking Age |
May 10, 2011 Viking power began to decline by the 11th century. The formation of Scandinavian kingdoms, expansion of Christianity, the reduction in profits ...
Vikings - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vikings (Norwegian and Danish: Vikinger; Swedish and Nynorsk: Vikingar; ..... The decline in the profitability of old trade routes could also have played a role.
BBC - Primary History - Vikings - What happened to the Vikings?
William the Conqueror, who is descended from Vikings, invades England. AD 1016. Knut of ...

Great care has been taken to prepare the information on this page. Elements of the content come from factual and lexical knowledge databases, library and third-party sources. We appreciate your suggestions and comments on further improvements of the site.

Discussion Forum
Place for your opinion